Socialists such as William Morris talked similarly of ‘fellowship’: Fellowship is heaven, and lack of fellowship is hell; fellowship is life, and lack of fellowship is death; and the deeds that ye do upon the earth, it is for fellowship’s sake ye do them. 4; first published in The Commonweal 1886/7) Community can also be approached as a descriptive category or set of variables (see below).
Here we will initially explore community in three different ways (after Willmott 1986; Lee and Newby 1983; and Crow and Allen 1995).
As: There is, of course, a strong possibility that these different ways of approaching community will also overlap in particular instances.
An obvious example of this is the sorts of ritual people connect with in terms of religious observance, for example, the rites of worship, the objects involved and the actions of the priest, imam or rabbi.
Indeed, it is very significant that the notion of community recurs in major religions: …
It is the nature of the relationships between people and the social networks of which they are a part that is often seen as one of the more significant aspects of ‘community’. Civic traditions in modern Italy, Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.